Movies and mystery novels revolve around them, royalty and criminals have had the most contact with them, they’re natural wonders, most now reside in museums… they’re the world’s most famous jewels. Have a look at some of history’s most coveted gems and some fascinating facts behind them:
Cullinan I – The Star of Africa
At 530.20 carats, this diamond holds the honor of being the largest cut diamond in the world. It was named after Sir Thomas Cullinan, owner of the mining company, and it was cut by Asscher in Amsterdam, and now has 74 facets. The Cullinan now sits in the Tower of London and is set in the scepter of King Edward VII.
The Star of India
This gemstone is a massive 536-carat blue cabochon-cut star sapphire. It is believed to be the largest cut sapphire in existence. It now sits in the American Museum of Natural History in New York in the Morgan-Tiffany Collection.
Kohinoor Diamond (“Mountain of Light”)
This is one of the world’s largest diamonds, when this oval shaped cut stone was first discovered in 1304, it weighed in at 186 carats. It is believed to have been set in the famous peacock throne of Shah Jehan. During the reign of Queen Victoria it was recut and now weighs 108 carats is a part of the British Crown Jewels.
Reference source: https://beyond4cs.com/faq/famous-diamonds/
The largest known gem-quality ruby
This 250 carat stone sits on the crown of Charles IV of Luxembourg, former King of Bohemia (1316-78). It was ordered in 1346 for the shrine containing the skull of Saint Wenceslas, Duke of Bohemia (921-29).
The Blue Giant of the Orient
This Sapphire from Sri Lanka touts its 446 carats.
This 167-carat gem was named after Major-General Sir Herbert Benjamin Edwardes (1819-68) who served for the British in India, in 1887 it was donated to the British Museum of Natural History in London by John Ruskin.
Rosser Reeves Ruby
At 137-carats, this stone is is considered the largest fine star ruby in existence and is located in the Smithsonian Institute in Washington, D.C.
Duke of Devonshire Emerald
This uncut deep green hexagonal prism weighs in at a whopping 1,383.95 carats.
This 632 carat stone sits in the Museum of Natural History in New York
The Blue Belle of Asia
This 400 carat gem, also from Sri Lanka, is the largest Sapphire in the british crown.
The Logan Sapphire
Another Sri-Lankan beauty, this 423-carat cushion-cut blue sapphire was donated by Mrs. John A. Logan to the Smithsonian Institute in Washington, D.C., in 1960.
The Mogul Emerald
This is a 217.80-carat rectangular cut tablet with Islamic prayer engravings on it.